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Chapter 6 Philosophy of Freedom Steiner

Revised 07/01/2010
Copyright © Tom Last 2009-10

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Chapter 07 [0]   reality-based thinking
self  Chapter 08 [0]   ethics of self-knowledge  
 Chapter 06   universal thinking  
 mental picture 
 Chapter 09 [0]   ethical individualism
 Chapter 05 [0]   critical thinking concept  Chapter 10 [0]   ethics of authority
 Chapter 04 [0]   reactive thinking perception  Chapter 11 [0]   ethical naturalism
 Chapter 03 [0]   reflective thinking 
thought  Chapter 12 [0]   ethical norms
 Chapter 02 [0]   one-sided thinking desire  Chapter 13 [0]   ethics of self-gratification 
 Chapter 01 [0]   compelled thinking will  Chapter 14 [0]   group ethics



The Philosophy of Freedom

Chapter 6
Human Individuality


Independent Thinking: Truth is not, as is usually assumed, an ideal reflection of something real, but is a product of the human spirit, created by an activity which is free; this product would exist nowhere if we did not create it ourselves. The object of knowledge is not to repeat in conceptual form something which already exists, but rather to create a completely new sphere, which when combined with the world given to our senses constitutes complete reality. -notes [0]

Question: As a separate and unique individual, how can I connect to the whole?

Thought Training Exercise:
PTIT exercise #6 True Sequence Of Facts [0]

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[0]Are There Limits To Knowledge? [0])


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[0]6.0 [0] Universal Thinking
The forces which are at work inside my body are the same as those which exist outside. Therefore I am really identical with the objects; not, however, "I" in so far as I am a perception of myself as subject, but "I" in so far as I am a part of the universal world process. I can discover the common element in both myself and the object through thinking, which relates one to the other by means of concepts.

6.1 [0] Subjective States Of The Perceiving Subject
Those who, from the fact that an electrical process calls forth light in the eye, conclude that what we sense as light is only a mechanical process of motion when outside our organism, forget that they are only passing from one perception to another, and not at all to something lying beyond percepts.

All phenomena of the world are divided into two completely separated parts:
1. an outside world of motions that is independent of the special nature of our faculty of perception.
2. a world of subjective states that are there only within the perceiving subject.

6.2 [0] Concept From My Thought System Connects To Perception
The moment a percept appears in my field of observation, thinking also becomes active through me. An element of my thought system, a definite intuition, a concept, connects itself with the percept.

6.3 [0] Mental Picture Is Individualized Concept
The full reality of a thing is given to us in the moment of observation through the fitting together of concept and perception. By means of a perception, the concept acquires an individualized form, a relationship to this particular perception.

6.4 [0] Sum Of Mental Pictures Is Total Experience
The sum of those things about which I can form mental pictures may be called my total experience.

6.5 [0] Objective Personality
If our personality expressed itself only in cognition, the totality of all that is objective would be given in percept, concept and mental picture.

6.6 [0] Subjective Ego
We are not satisfied merely to refer the percept, by means of thinking, to the concept, but we relate them also to our particular subjectivity, our individual Ego. The expression of this individual relationship is feeling, which manifests itself as pleasure or displeasure.

6.7 [0] Two-Fold Nature: Thinking And Feeling
Thinking is the element through which we take part in the universal cosmic process; feeling is that through which we can withdraw ourselves into the narrow confines of our own being.

6.8 [0] True Individuality
A true individuality will be those who reach up with their feelings to the farthest possible extent into the region of the ideal.

6.9 [0] Forming Mental Pictures
Making mental pictures gives our conceptual life at once an individual stamp.

6.10 [0] Intensity Of Feelings
Each of us combines special feelings, and these in the most varying degrees of intensity, with our perceptions.

6.11 [0]
Education Of Feelings
Knowledge of things will go hand in hand with the development and education of the life of feeling.

6.12 [0] Living Concepts
Feeling is the means whereby, in the first instance, concepts gain concrete life.



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